Mar 12, 2015
To paraphrase Shakespeare, To purchase the CDW or not to purchase the CDW, that is the question. It has been debated for years whether or not a person renting a vehicle should purchase the Collision (or Loss) Damage Waiver from the rental company. Our recommendation is that consumers, in general, SHOULD purchase the CDW/LDW, at least for short-term rentals. Our reasons are given below.
1. Loss Valuation. The Personal Auto Policy (PAP) covers the lesser of the actual cash value of the vehicle or the amount necessary to repair or replace the damaged property. The rental agreement may very well contractually obligate you to reimburse the rental company for the full value of the vehicle. The PAP also does not pay for any betterment (increased value of new parts replacing old ones) of the vehicle, nor any diminution of value (if the market value of the vehicle after repairs is less than that before the accident).
2. Loss Settlement. As implied above, there may very well be disagreement over the value of the vehicle or the amount charged for labor and materials to repair it. Your auto policys Appraisal clause may be invoked with its accompanying costs. More importantly, the insurance company has the right to ...inspect and appraise the damaged property before its repair or disposal. However, the rental company, unlike you, is not contractually obligated to the insurer...it may choose to make the repairs immediately, potentially resulting in a lack of PAP coverage because of failure to comply with this contractual condition. In any case, purchase of the CDW usually allows the renter to walk away without the headaches involved in adjusting an auto claim.
3. Loss Payment. The rental agreement may require immediate reimbursement for damages, and it is customary practice for the rental company to charge your credit card. This can create a significant debt, max out the card's credit limit (perhaps shortening a vacation or business trip), result in litigation, etc.
4. Loss Damage Waivers (LDW). Rental agreements often make the renter responsible for any loss in value beyond normal wear and tear, regardless of the cause and regardless of fault. In order for your PAP to respond, you must insure at least one vehicle for both collision and other-than-collision (often called comprehensive) coverage. If not, your policy will not respond to rental car damage and loss of use claims.
5. Indirect Losses. You will most likely will be responsible for the rental companys loss of rental income on the damaged unit. Your policy has limited coverage for these charges.
6. Administrative Expenses. The rental contract may make the insured liable for various administrative or loss-related expenses such as towing (e.g., one insured was charged for a 230-mile tow), appraisal, claims adjustment, storage, etc. Some of these expenses may not be covered by the PAP.
7. Other Insurance. The PAP says that it is excess over: (1) any coverage provided by the owner of the auto, (2) any other applicable physical damage insurance, and (3) any other source of recovery applicable to the losstravel policies, credit card coverages, etc. The potential controversy over who pays what is obvious and can result in litigation. In addition, keep in mind that many states have statutes, proprietary policy forms, and/or case law precedents that may govern this and other rental car exposures.
8. Excluded Vehicles & Territories. The PAP normally does not provide physical damage coverage for motorcycles, mopeds, motor homes, or other vehicles that are not private passenger autos, pickups, vans, or trailers. In addition, use of covered vehicles is limited to the U.S., its territories and possessions, Puerto Rico, and Canada (the rental agreement may also exclude operation outside a specific geographical area). If you rent a trailer (U-Haul, camper trailer, etc.), coverage is limited to $500.
9. Excluded Uses & Drivers. The PAP may have limitations on use of vehicles that are not otherwise excluded by the rental agreement CDW or LDW. Also, the PAP may include an exclusionary endorsement for certain drivers or may apply only to designated individualsthe CDW will probably also only apply to certain individuals, but operators for which no PAP coverage is available may be afforded protection under the rental agreement by adding them as designated drivers.
10. Additional and/or Future Costs. The PAP will most certainly include a deductible in the range of $100-$500 or more. In addition, payment for damage to a rental car may result in a significant premium increase (if not nonrenewal) via surcharges or loss of credits.
Although most CDW/LDW fees are considered outrageous, if not unconscionable, we advise you to purchase the CDW/LDW for short-term rentals. If anything, this will give you peace of mind while on vacation or business, and it could save you from a lot of inconvenience and lost time and money.
When you rent a vehicle, ask for an advance copy of the rental agreement in order to determine your contractual obligations for damage...a few rental car companies post this information on their web sites. Here is a listing of several national rental car company web sites:
In addition, if you will be traveling abroad, check out www.auto-europe.com for information about driving requirements and rental car programs in Europe and other countries around the world. Be sure to inspect the rental vehicle for existing damage to the interior and exterior and get their acknowlegement of such damage in writing before leaving the premises. Be sure to take proof of insurance with you on your trip. Carry an inexpensive disposable camera with you on your trip to document existing damage or damage that may occur while using the vehicle.
The above information is based on the ISO standard Personal Auto Policy and typical rental car agreements. Be aware that these contracts may vary from state to state and there may be statutory exceptions that may govern. In addition, these provisions can change at any time, so it is important to review the laws and contracts in effect in your jurisdiction at any point in time. Due to the brevity of this article, we cannot analyze every possible loss exposure and exception to the general guidelines above.